Composers' and Facts Study Guide 


 Disk One 

  1)  Pachelbel:  "Canon D", taught Bach's brother to play organ


 2)  Vivaldi:  The Red Priest, "Four Seasons"


 3)  Bach:  "Toccata and Fugue, wore big wig, 20 children, greatest composer?


 4)  Handel:  Beethoven consisered him greatest composer, sword fight, button saved him., "Messiah".


 5)  Haydn:  "Surprise Symphony"; major developer of symphony and string quartet; Napoleon protected house, 


 6)  Boccherini:  "The Minuet", wrote for Napoleon's brother, Lucien


 7)  Mozart:  One of the three "greatest" composers, rheumatic fever, pig squeal.."G sharp"; "Eine Kliene Nachtmusic". Considered by some as equal to Wagner and Verdi in ability ot write opera.


 8)  Beethoven:  Composer of most famous sounds in Western World "da, daa, da daa" ("5th Symphony"); became deaf, cut off legs of piano to hear vibrations.


 9)  Rossini:  Very successful...stopped composing at age 38, visited Beethoven, cried upon seeing how poor he was; "Barber of Seville", "William Tell".


 10)  Schubert:  Shortest of famous composers; youngest to die...31; "Lost" Symphony


 11)  Mendelssohn:  Added Bartholdi to name to show had converted to Christianity; "Wedding March"


 12)  Chopin:  Greatest composer for piano...heart on display in church in Poland; "Funeral March", "Minute Waltz", "Raindrops".


 13)  Schumann:  Chiroplast; Tramerei; "Merry Peasant" ("Happy Farmer")


 14)  Liszt:  Great piano showman; "Love Dream"


 15)  Wagner:  Great German Operatic Composer; "Bridal Chorus; Lohengrin"; "Meistersinger".


 Disk Two

1)  Verdi:  Greatest Italian Operatic composer; mother saved his life as baby; "Aida", "Rigoletto", "Il Trovatore".  He and Wagner considerred greatest composers of opera.


 2)  Gounod:  "Ave Maria"(used Bach music); opera, "Faust"


 3)  Offenbach:  Didn't think much of USA; "Barcarolle Night of Stars"


 4)  Smetana:  Went deaf in last years, "Moldau".


 5)  Johann Strauss Jr:  Waltz King, "Blue Danube"


 6)  Brahms:  One of great "B's" with Bach and Beethoven, "Lullaby", famous horn of "First Symphony"


 7)  Borodin:  Doctor, Chemist, member of Mighty Five in Russia, "Polovetsian Dances".


 8)  Ponchielli:  Taught Puccini, "La Gioconda".


 9)  Saint Saens:  "Swan", part of "Carnival of Animals".


 10)  Bizet:  Composing came easy for him, "Carmen", "L'Arlesienne"


 11)  Mussorgsky:  Most famous work inspired by art exhibit in honor of his best friend: "Pictures at an Exhibition".


 12)  Tchaikovsky:  Madame Van Meck supported him financially, though never met, "Nutcracker", "1812"


 13)  Dvorak:  "New World Symphony", train and boat fanatic


 14)  Massenet:   Arouse vevery day at 4 a.m and composed till noon, "Thais"...Egyptian Desert


 15)  Greig:  Poor health, use of one lung, "Peer Gynt".


 16)  Rimsky-Korsakov:  "Bumble Bee", professor of music, formerly navy man.


 17)  Elgar:  "Pomp and Circumstance March", knighted for it


 18)  Puccini:  Father put gold coins on piano to guide son, "Madame Butterfly", "La Boheme", "Tosca"


 19)  Mahler:  "Symphony #1", vegetarian, no alcohol


 20)  Debussy:  Impressionist composer, "Claire de Lune", "Afternoon of Faun"


 21)  Mascagni:  Was instant hit with public, and proclaomed next Verdi, but never had another success besides: "Cavalleria Rusticana", Godfather and Raging Bull movie music


 22)  Richard Strauss:  "Thus Spake Zarathustra"...great fanfare in classical music?


 23)  Sibelius:  Adapted name Jean form name on bussiness cards of uncle of same name, "Finlandia".


 24)  Rachmaninoff:  Nervous breakdown, cured by hynosis of Doctor Dahl, "Piano Concerto 2"...referred to by some as "Rocky 2"


 25)  Ravel:  Ambulance driver during WWI but part of "Apaches" in college, "Pavane for Dead Princess"