Composer Facts: Flashcards

DIRECTIONS: Use these flashcards as review after listening to the Phase 1: Remedy for Rap disks. They are listed here the in numerical order they are on those disks...and this makes them chronological also. To print them, you must use Internet Explorer. Go to "Print Review" and go to the last top box seen above. Set it to 80%. You will have to do this EVERY time you print. Fold the sheets and halves and you have nice flashcards.  See below menu for method of using flashcards.


#

 Disk 1

1

 Pachelbul

2

       Vivaldi

3

       Bach

4

       Handel

5

       Haydn

6

    Boccherini

7

       Mozart

8

    Beethoven

9

        Rossini

10

     Schubert

11

  Mendelssohn

12

       Chopin

13

    Schumann

14

       Liszt

15

   Wagner

 Disk 2

1

      Verdi

2

    Gounod

3

     Offenbach

4

      Smetana

5

       JStrauss

6

       Brahms

 7

       Borodin

8

     Ponchielli

9

   Saint-Saens

10

       Bizet

11

    Mussorgsky

12

   Tchaikovsky

13

      Dvorak

14

     Massenet

15

        Greig

16

     Rimsky-
     Korsakov

17

        Elgar

18

        Puccini

19

       Mahler

20

       Debussy

21

      Mascagni

22

       RStrauss

23

       Sibelius

24

  Rachmaninoff

25

       Ravel

NOTE:  The Leitner Method of studying flashcards: A widely used method to efficiently use flashcards was proposed by the German science popularizer Sebastian Leitner in the 1970s. In his method, known as the Leitner system, flashcards are sorted into groups according to how well you know each one. This is how it works: you try to recall the solution written on a flashcard. If you succeed, you send the card to the next group. But if you fail, you send it back to the first group. Each succeeding group has a longer period of time before you are required to revisit the cards.

For example, suppose you have 3 groups called Group 1, Group 2 and Group 3. The cards in Group 1 are the ones that you often make mistakes with, and Group 3 contains the cards that you know very well. You might choose to study the Group 1 cards once a day, Group 2 every 3 days, and the Group 3 cards every 5 days. If you look at a Group 1 card and get the correct answer, you "promote" it to Group 2. A correct answer with a Group 2 card "promotes" that card to Group 3. If you make a mistake with a Group 2 or Group 3 card, it gets "demoted" to Group 1, which forces you to study that card more often.



The advantage of this method is that you can focus on the most difficult flashcards, which remain in the first few groups. The result is, ideally, a reduction in the amount of study time needed.

Similar ideas have been implemented into the Pimsleur language courses and, since the 1980s, into a number of computer-assisted language learning titles. Much of this software makes use of so-called electronic flashcards.